Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

AHS Subject Guides: History: Borelli

This guide includes print and online resources for History/Social Studies: Courses include: American Government, US History, Critical Issues, Geography, Law and Justice, Multiculturalism, World History.

Review of Citations and References


Modern American History

Review of Citations and References (updated V. Hulse 9-2019)

Information literacy topics:

-Taking notes

-Organizing source citations


-Using technology tools


Objective: To use a web citation generator (NoodleTools) to create citations and bibliographic references.

During class:

1: Find the activities for this class, at:

Google Amity library→Choose first result

(tab) Find Online Stuff→By Subject Guide→History

(tab) Class Projects →Borelli→ Review to Citations and References (top box)

2. Sign in to NoodleTools account and update.

Activate your own personal account through your Google account.

- Sign in to Google Drive.

- Go to Google Apps.

-Click on “More”

- Click on NoodleTools. 

- Update your profile.

3. Practice: create a project to begin citations.


3.a. Click on “New Project”.

3.b. Enter a “Project Title”.

3.c. Choose “Chicago/Turabian” style (for this History class), and click the “Advanced” citation level for full functionality. Click “Submit”.

3.d. Write a “Research Question” (think of something related to your topic).

3.e. Write a “Thesis” statement. This is the statement or question you will prove or discuss.

3.f. Click the “Projects” tab to view your project list.

3.g. Click on the name of your project to open it.

3.h. Click on the “Sources” tab. You are now ready to cite a source.

4. Practice: Create a citation for this DATABASE article. 

4.a. Go to this article from the ABC-Clio database American History: titled “Alexander Hamilton”

4.b. Create a citation for this article.  

4.c. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Note that the choice here refers to WHERE the source was found, not what KIND of source it is. Choose “Database”. 

4.d. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”.Choose “Original Content in Database” (because the citation shows this article was written for this database).

4.e. Fill in the appropriate boxes. 

4.f. Click “Submit”. 

4.g. Check your citation. Does it match?


O'Brien, Steven G. "Alexander Hamilton." American History. 

5. Practice: Creating a MANUAL citation for a website.

Create a MANUAL citation for a website.

5.a. Go to this website. 

5.b. From the Sources tab, click on “Create a New Citation”.

5.c. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Choose “Web Site”.

5.d. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”. Choose “Web Page”.



5.e. Start filling in as much information as you can, copying from the article, and adjusting the text as needed. Notice the pop-up hints.

5.f. Click “Submit”.

5.g. Check your citation. Does it match?


O'Keefe, Kieran J. "Alexander Hamilton." George Washington's Mount Vernon. Accessed September 4, 2019.


6. Practice: Create a MANUAL citation for a database article. 

6.a. Go to this article titled: “The Federalist Papers: from Practical politics to high principle”, database Academic Search Complete

6.b. Back in NoodleTools, from the Sources tab, click on “Create a New Citation”.

6.c. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Once again choose “Database”.

6.d. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”. Choose “Journal” because this is an article in a journal called “Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy”. 

6.e. Start filling in as much information as you can, copying from the article:

-DOI (Direct Object Identifier): there is none listed

-URL: find the "permalink" on the right, because it does not change.

-Name of database: find it

-Most recent date of access: (today)

-Author: find it

-Article title: find it

-Pages: find it

-Name of journal: find it

-Volume: find it

-Issue: find it

-Publication date: find it

-Series: there is none listed

6.f. Click “Submit”.

6.g. Check your citation. Does it match?


Epstein, Richard A. "The Federalist Papers: From practical politics to high

     principle." Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 16, no. 1 (Winter 1993):

      13-21. direct=true&AuthType=ip,



7. New York Times:


Do you know how to... 

- create a footnote? 

- export your references?


Chicago Style Formatting

Chicago Style Resources

Citing Chicago Style - Quick Guide

Excellent set of examples published online by the University of Chicago Press (straight from the horse's mouth).


Citing Chicago Style - Purdue OWL

Very practical and reliable guide published by renowned Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL).


Sample Chicago-style paper:

Footnotes and bibliography style paper (works best with Google Docs)




Borelli: Online Search Strategies

C. Borelli

US History 2

Information literacy topics:

  • Determining best sources

  • Searching strategies for information

  • Evaluating sources

  • Using technology tools


Objective: To learn to access appropriate online research sources, to practice effective searching strategies, and to summarize information from text.

Go to activity guide online at:


Amity website→High SchoolAHS Library Information Center

Find Online Stuff→By Subject→History→Class Projects →Borelli




Part One:  Effective Search Strategies

What are you searching for?

  • Browsing
  • Facts and figures
  • In depth research

What steps are best to follow?

  1. Is this completely new to you or do you have prior knowledge?  

  2. Are you able to do some basic research in an encyclopedia?

  3. Do you enter the whole question into the search field?  Why or why not?

  4. Then what DO you enter into the search field?

Using Boolean searching strategies:

  • AND
  • OR
  • NOT

Additional searching strategies and information found here.

Question:  This law was enacted to alleviate concerns raised by Samuel Hopkins Adams, Florence Kelley and Harvey W. Wiley.  One of its early challenges was in the United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola case.  What was the law?

What would be a keyword you would choose? 

Would you pull a word directly from the question? 

Would you create your own? 

How would you enter it in the search field?

Online Resources

Part Two:  Using the Library Catalog and Databases

Search our library catalogs from Destiny Quest to find all our printed books, magazines and journals, textbooks, encyclopedias, music CDs, movies (DVD and VHS).

Online Resources:


  1. ABC-CLIO allows entry to the main portal page for all six ABC-CLIOdatabases.



SIRS provides resources for many subject areas: arts and humanities, government, civics, economics, world events, 20th Century history.




The History Reference Center features full text for more than 1,990 reference books, encyclopedias, non-fiction books, and academic journals. This content includes historical documents, biographies of historical figures, full-text reference books, encyclopedias, history books, historical photos and maps, and historical video. FROM OFF CAMPUS YOU NEED YOUR PUBLIC LIBRARY CARD CODE

JSTOR includes scholarship published in more than 1,400 of the highest-quality academic journals across the humanities, social sciences, and sciences, as well as monographs and other materials valuable for academic work.
Amity High School, Amity Region 5 School District, Woodbridge, CT 06525, 203-397-4844 Librarians: Robert F. Musco and Victoria Hulse Copyright 2017