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AHS Subject Guides: History: Haas

This guide includes print and online resources for History/Social Studies: Courses include: American Government, US History, Critical Issues, Geography, Law and Justice, Multiculturalism, World History.

Online Resources/Narrowing a Research Topic

World History

Introduction to Online Sources/Developing a Research Question (updated 5-2019, V. Hulse)

Information literacy topics covered

  • Determining the best sources
  • Searching strategies for information
  • Evaluating sources
  • Using technology tools
  • Narrowing down a research topic

1. Objective: To distinguish between different formats of research materials available online and judge the reliability of information, to develop and practice searching strategies for relevant information, and to narrow down a research topic.

 

2. Go to nearpod.com and type in code (middle of screen-Join a class)

 

3. How to choose a topic and narrow down to develop a strong research question

    3.a. Discussion: What is a research question?

    3.b. Watch video.

    3.c. Discuss another example related to Global Issues topic (Good Health and Well

Being, then maternal mortality).

  • Using Nearpod list as many research questions as you can. Remember, good questions start with “How” and Why”

    3.d. Your turn: Using the template look through the global goals and choose an area

 of interest. Then begin brainstorming various research questions.

 

4. Overview of database sources:
    4.a. Discussion What are the different types of online databases sources available?

    4.b. Specialized Academic Databases (usually paid subscription $$$):

  • Include articles from many different sources in specific subjects.
  • May include e-books, encyclopedias, multimedia, etc.
  • Does not offer “teaching” materials, but probably has searching tips.
  • Most useful in college for specialized work.
  • Example:
  • EBSCO’s GreenFILE (available free through ResearchIT CT with library card)

     4.c. Multi-disciplinary Academic Databases (paid subscription $$$).

Bring together information from different specialized databases from different subject areas.

Really useful if you don’t want to limit your search to specialized databases, or you don’t know which databases you need.

Examples:

EBSCO’s Academic Search Complete

4.d. Library “Aggregators”.

Offer searching of all or most databases from a single search box.

Example:

OneSearch from ResearchIT CT  (the Connecticut State Online Library)

 

5. Practice:  Multi-disciplinary Academic Database:

EBSCO’s Academic Search Complete: Main points:

  • Take note of your surroundings:  Look at main menus, search options, etc. Decide on a starting point for search.

Use LIMITERS:

  • Use checkbox “limiters” on the LEFT sidebar to LIMIT your search by:
  • “Full-text”
  • “Publication Date” range, if relevant.
  • Source Type (Most useful here are: Academic Journals? Magazines? Newspapers? Government Documents?)
  • Limit by Subject (thesaurus term)
  • Etc.

Follow links of related SUBJECTS for other similar articles

  • Choose a relevant article, and notice the related SUBJECTS: Medical care of minorities; Women’s Health; Pregnancy Complications; Medical Informatics; Maternal Health Services, etc.(They were chosen by humans).
  • Notice how other searches turn up many more hits, meaning that this SUBJECT heading is not always linked to relevant articles.

Refine and change your search:

  • Too many results and not really relevant? Add more words to narrow down.
  • Too few results? Broaden your search with fewer words.
  • Save good candidates to look at later.
  • Use more advanced techniques:
  • Try with synonyms or related words (mass killers, mass shootings, mass violence,  etc.)
  • Use commands (“operators”) to narrow down: AND (to get both terms), OR (for one OR the other), NOT (to filter out the word), apostrophes around several words like “mental illness” or “personality disorder” to get the exact phrase.

Save to Google Drive to avoid losing stuff (use personal lists, email, notes/citation tools, etc.).

 

6. Student practice: Students practice searching using Academic Search Complete

 

Additional Tips:

You are MORE likely to find something useful for school FASTER from a paid database than from a web search.

  • Everything that ISN’T useful has NOT been included.
  • Everything you find in a full-text search is really available, as opposed to just being a summary (abstract).
  • You can avoid “pseudo-authoritative” sources written by people who confuse opinion with science, and beliefs with objective facts.

Introduction to Research Resources

World History (updated 10-2018)

Introduction to Research Resources

Information literacy topics:

-Determining best sources

-Searching strategies for information

-Taking notes

-Using technology tools

 

Objective: To learn to access appropriate online research sources, to practice effective searching strategies, and to practice summarizing information from text.

 

1. View instructions at:

Amity website→High SchoolAHS Library Information Center

Find Online StuffBy SubjectHistoryClass ProjectsHaasWorld Industrial Revolution: Introduction to Research Resources

 

2. Discussion: quick tour of sources for today’s practice (notes are included at end of instructions for reference):

Types of online databases discussed today

-Online encyclopedia for students

    Encyclopedia Brittanica   Username: amity   Password: bethany

-School product database

ABC Clio World History: The Modern Era

-Scholarly databases

ESBCO:  History Reference Center

-Free web site

Victorian Britain, from the British Library

 

3. Presentation of School Product Database Site:

ABC Clio: The Modern Era  (notes at end of document)

 

4. Search ABC-Clio The Modern Era  and find a relevant article that addresses your topic.

-Use tools to search for topic, play around for a few minutes.

 

5. Discussion:  Presentation of a Scholarly database:

ESBCO:  History Reference Center

 

6. Discussion:  Presentation of an open web source:

Victorian Britain, from the British Library

 

7. Discussion: Presentation of Advanced Google Search features

    Be sure to evaluate any website you use.  Consider the WHO, WHAT, WHERE,

WHEN, and WHY


 

Additional Tips:

-Get a library card so you can use iConn at home.

-Practice searching from our web page:

-History Reference Center

-ResearchIT CT.org (formerly known as iConn) Resources for High Schools/ (all the databases for journals)

-You are MORE likely to find something useful for school FASTER from a paid database than from a web search.

-Everything that ISN’T useful has NOT been included.

-Everything you find in a full-text search is really available, as opposed to just being a summary (abstract).

-You can avoid “pseudo-authoritative” sources written by people who confuse opinion with science, and beliefs with objective facts.

 

For more detailed NOTES on these databases, with tips how to search them, look at the full lesson plan below.


 

Introduction to Citations with NoodleTools

World History (updated 9-2018, R. Musco)

Introduction to Citations, References, and Note-taking with NoodleTools

Information literacy topics:

-Taking notes

-Organizing source citations

-References

-Using technology tools

 

Objective: To understand and define the concept of a research “citation”, and to use a web citation generator, NoodleTools, to create citations and bibliographic references, and organize notes.

 

1: Find the activities for this class, at:

Amity website→High SchoolAHS Library Information Center

(tab) Find Online Stuff→By Subject→History

(tab) Class Projects →Cumpstone→ Introduction to Citations, References, and Note-taking with NoodleTools

 

Part A: Understanding and Creating Citations

2. Discuss objective.

 

3. Answer the question, “What kind of information is included in a citation?”

 

4. Answer the question, “What kind of source is this?” (see below). What parts of the citation can you identify?

 

Haerens, Margaret. "Breakthroughs in Science." In World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO. Accessed September 19, 2017. http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com

 

5. Sign up for your account in NoodleTools.

Activate your own personal account through your @amityschools.org Google account.

Go to the NoodleTools log-in screen.

Enter your @amityschools.org Google account email.

Click “Sign In with Google”.

 

Re-enter your Amity Google account email, and your Google password.

 

For 7th/8th/9th Grades: (other grades, look here).

Click on “Create a new account”.

Click “Submit”.

 

 

Next:

Choose “I am a student”.

Click “Submit”.

Choose your graduation year.

Click “Save Profile”.

 

Under “My Profile” make sure your  first and last names are complete.

 

 

You are now in Noodle Tools!  

Your new username is your Google @amityschools.org email address and password.

 

6. Create a project to begin citations.

6.a. Click on “New Project”.

 

6.b. Enter a “Project Title”.

6.c. Choose “Chicago/Turabian” style (for this History class), and click the “Advanced” citation level for full functionality. Click “Submit”.

 

6.d. Write a “Research Question” (think of something related to your topic).

6.e. Write a “Thesis” statement. This is the statement or question you will prove or discuss.

6.f. Click the “Projects” tab to view your project list.

 

6.g. Click on the name of your project to open it.

 

6.h. Click on the “Sources” tab. You are now ready to cite a source.

7. Create a COPY AND PASTE citation for a database article.

7.a. Go to this article from the ABC-Clio database World at War, titled “Breakthroughs in Science.”

7.b. Click on “CITE” in the top of the page.

7.c. COPY the citation (use Chigago format).

7.d. Return to NoodleTools, and click on “Create a New Citation”.

7.e. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Note that the choice here refers to WHERE the source was found, not what KIND of source it is. Choose “Database”.

7.f. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”.Choose “Original Content in Database” (because the citation shows this article was written for this database).

 

7.g. Click “Quick Cite”: Copy & Paste Citation”.  Paste in the citation you copied.

7.h. Click “Submit”. Look at your citation.

Haerens, Margaret. "Breakthroughs in Science." In World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2018. Accessed September 23, 2018. https://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/25.

 

8. Create a MANUAL citation for a database article.

8.a. Go to the same article from the ABC-Clio database World History: The Modern Era.

8.b. From the Sources tab, click on “Create a New Citation”.

8.c. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Once again choose “Database”.

8.d. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”. Once again choose “Original Content in Database” (because the citation shows it was written for this database).

 

 

8.e. Start filling in as much information as you can, copying from the article, and adjusting the text as needed. Notice the pop-up hints.

8.f. Click “Submit”.

Helpful pointers:

-Did you fill in the date you got the article?

-Did you use the HOME page URL since the article URL was so long and complicated?

-There seems to be no published date.

-You can assume that the ID number is the same as a database accession number.

 

Haerens, Margaret. "Breakthroughs in Science." World History: The Modern Era.  http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com.

 

8.g. Now compare your two citations.

Copy/paste

Haerens, Margaret. "Breakthroughs in Science." In World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2018. Accessed September 23, 2018. https://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/25.

 

Manual with NoodleTools

Haerens, Margaret. "Breakthroughs in Science." World History: The Modern Era.  http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com.

 

In this case, neither citation (original article from a reference database) is completely accurate. The corrected form would be:

 

Haerens, Margaret. "Breakthroughs in Science." In World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO. Accessed September 19, 2017. http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com

 

9. Student practice: Create an MANUAL citation for a database article.

Create a MANUAL citation for a database article.

9.a. Go to this article titled: “British Textiles Clothe the World”, from the EBSCO publishing company’s database History Resource Center.

9.b. Back in NoodleTools, from the Sources tab, click on “Create a New Citation”.

9.c. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Once again choose “Database”.

9.d. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”. Choose “Magazine” because this is an article in a magazine called “History Today”.

9.e. Start filling in as much information as you can, copying from the article:

-DOI (Direct Object Identifier): there is none listed

-URL: find the "permalink" on the right, because it does not change.

-Name of database: find it

-Database accession number: find it

-Most recent date of access: (today's date)

-Author: find it

-Article title: find it

-Pages: find it

-Name of journal: find it

-Volume: find it

-Issue: find it

-Publication date: find it

-Series: there is none listed

9.f. Click “Submit”.

 

Hopley, Claire. "British Textiles Clothe the World." British Heritage, September 2006, 28-33. https://search.ebscohost.com.

 

9.10. Now compare your finished citation to the copy-paste citation provided by EBSCO. Look at the differences (possibly due to different chicago versions, and errors in NoodleTools).

 

Manual:

Hopley, Claire. "British Textiles Clothe the World." British Heritage, September 2006, 28-33. https://search.ebscohost.com. 

 

Copy/Paste provided by History Resource Center

Hopley, Claire. "British Textiles Clothe the World." British Heritage 27, no. 4 (September 2006): 28-33. History Reference Center, EBSCOhost (accessed September 19, 2017).

 

In this case, the manual citation is the more correct citation, though the URL might be problematic because you can’t see anything without logging in.

 

10. Create a MANUAL citation from a web source.

10.a. Go to this article entitled “Women and the Revolution”, from the website:

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution, a joint project of the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media (George Mason University) and American Social History Project (City University of New York)

10.b. Back in NoodleTools, from the Sources tab, click on “Create a New Citation”.

10.c. Answer the question “Where is it?”. Once again choose “Website”.

10.d. Answer the question “WHAT is it?”. Choose “Web page” because this online article is really a page in the larger museum web site.

10.e. Start filling in as much information as you can, copying from the article:

-URL: find it

-Date of publication: find it; if none, leave it blank.

-Most recent date of access: use it

-Contributors: find the author

-Web Page or document/article title: Find the article title

-Name of the website: find it (not the same as the publisher)

-Publisher of the site: Find it (bottom of page)

-Editors of the site as a whole: hard to find. We'll talk about this.

10.f. Click “Submit”.

 

Hunt, Lynn, and Jack Censer, eds. "Women and the Revolution." Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution. Accessed October 6, 2016. http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/chap5a.html#.

 

Citing your sources within your paper

-How do you cite the article in the body of your paper?

-Chicago includes two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (sometimes called reference list style). We are using the notes-bibliography style.

The basics of the note-bibliography style are as follows: Whenever you need to cite a source, a superscript number is placed in the text at the end of the sentence or part of the sentence. A normal-sized number corresponding to that reference is placed at the end of the page or the end of the section (your teacher’s choice). The first time a source is used at the bottom of the page, the entire citation form is used.  The second time it is used at the bottom it is shortened (see rules). When the same source is used twice or more in a row, you write “ibid” (which means “the same”), and change page number if needed. The bibliography at the end includes all sources with their complete citation forms, in alphabetic order.

-You will need to follow the instructions and examples from a reliable source, like the writing experts at Purdue University’s CHICAGO style pages.

-Look at the sample Chicago “Footnotes and Bibliography” paper on our History guide.

Creating and Organizing Notes with NoodleTools

Part B: Creating and Organizing Notes in NoodleTools

 

1. Create a new note in NoodleTools.

1.a. If you are in “Sources”, click on the “Notecards” tab.

If you are on the “Projects” page, click on your practice project to get to the “Dashboard” tab. Once there, click on the “Notecards” tab.

 

 

1.b. Click “+New” to create a new note.

 

1.c. Write a “Title” that represents the basic idea of your note.

1.d. Choose one of your source citations from the dropdown menu.

1.e. Cut and paste a “Direct quotation”, a “paraphrase or summary”, or an original “My idea”.

1.f. Take the time to create a well-written note NOW, that could get slotted right in your paper.

 

1.g. Be sure to add a “Tag” which should represent the specific topic or theme of the note. Be specific, because you will use tags to group similar notes together. Tags with more than one word should be in quotes.

1.h. Click “Save and Close”.

1.i. Create a second note in the same way for the same article, or another article. You need two notes for the next step. You may find that one note obscures the other on the desktop; just drag it off.

 

 

2. Group notes together by common topics/themes.

2.a. Drag one note on top of the other, and release it to create a “Pile” (terrible name).

2.b. Name your “Pile” . A “Pile” name can be a category/theme/topic that both notes address. We are pretending that the two notes deal with the same specific topic.

2.c. Click OK.

2.d. Create two more new notes, and make a new “Pile”.

 

 

3. Convert notes to outlines.

3.a. Click the “Add+” button to create a few headings. You can change the name of topics by double-clicking, and rearrange the hierarchy by dragging and dropping.


 

 

 

3.b. Now DRAG one of your piles, or loose notes, right on top of any outline heading on the right until the heading is highlighted, and DROP it there.  It will now appear as a note in that heading of the outline. You can rearrange the notes in the outline by dragging and dropping.

 

4. Export or print notes.

 

4.a. On the Notecard desktop, click “Print” to export your saved notes.

4.b. Notice the export options.  Choose one, and practice downloading exported notes. Note that choosing Google requires signing into your Google account.

 

8. Cite your sources within your paper. How? See notes below.



 

Class Notes

What is a citation?

A citation is all the information you need to tell where an idea or quotation came from, and to be able to find that source again.

 

“What kind of information is included in a citation?”

Citations can include the following information, and more...

  1. author

  2. title

  3. place of publication

  4. publisher (and more about where it can be found)

  5. date of publication

  6. medium (type of publication)

  7. date you found it (electronic resources)

  8. web address (URL) IF your teacher requires it.

 

Note: the medium (type) of publication may be: Print, Web, File, Film, CD-ROM, DVD, etc. and more, depending on the kind of information

 

Cite your sources within your paper.

  • How do you cite the article in the body of your paper?

    • Chicago includes two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (sometimes called reference list style). We are using the notes-bibliography style.

    • The basics of the note-bibliography style are as follows: Whenever you need to cite a source, a superscript number is placed in the text at the end of the sentence or part of the sentence. A normal-sized number corresponding to that reference is placed at the end of the page or the end of the section (your teacher’s choice). The first time a source is used at the bottom of the page, the entire citation form is used.  The second time it is used at the bottom it is shortened (see rules).  When the same source is used twice or more in a row, you write “ibid” (which means “the same”), and change page number if needed. The bibliography at the end includes all sources with their complete citation forms, in alphabetic order.

    • Look at this Chicago (notes and bibliography style) sample paper.

  • You will need to follow the instructions and examples from a reliable source, like the writing experts at Purdue University’s CHICAGO style pages.

 

Amity High School, Amity Region 5 School District, Woodbridge, CT 06525, 203-397-4844 Librarians: Robert F. Musco and Victoria Hulse Copyright 2017